Diwali - as by various religions

Diwali is a nocturnal celebration embraced by Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains across the country.

Diwali by Jains

Jains celebrate Deepavali in the name of Paryusana Parva. The day is the jubilation to commemorate the salvation or Moksha attained by the founder and guru Lord Mahavira also called as Vardhamana at Khattiya-kundapura, near Vaishali. On the religious occasion of Diwali on Oct. 15, 527 BCE, in Pavapuri, Lord Mahavira received his enlightenment to spirituality or obtained Kevala Gyana on Vishakha Shukla 10 at the Jambhraka village on the banks of Rijukula river at the age of 42.

There are regular ceremonies in the temple and discourses of Kalpa Sutra (one of the sacred books) in the Upashraya during this time. On the third day of the Paryusana Parva the Kalpa Sutra receives a very special reverence and may be carried in the procession. On the fifth day, at a special ceremony, the auspicious dreams of Mahavira's mother, queen Trishala, are demonstrated. Listening to the Kalpa Sutra, taking active steps to prevent the animal killing, asking and offering forgiveness to all living beings, visiting the neighborhood temples, etc. are some of the important activities during this time.The final day of Paryusana is the most important of all. On this day those who have observed the fasts are specially honored. This is also the day when Jains ask for forgiveness to the family, friends and foes alike for any acts they might have committed towards them in the previous year. Therefore this annual occasion of the repentance and forgiveness is very important.

Diwali by Sikhs

Sikhs worship Diwali as the religious freedom for Sikhs and this is why Diwali is called the Light Festival. To commemorate the release of their sixth Guru Hargobind Ji from the captivity of Emperor Jahengir, Gwalior, Sikh Diwali is recalled throughout India and in many countries. It is believed that Guru's Mother was full of happiness that her son was released she ordered food and sweets and gave them to everyone. Also in 1577 the foundation stone of The Golden Temple was laid on Diwali. On this day, the worshippers float multi-coloured light candles on the water at the Golden Temple. The gurdwara, hold a grand fireworks display.

Diwali by Budhists

Buddhists especially Newar Buddhists celebrate Diwali in their quiet way. They chant the mantras and remember Emperor Ashoka who converted to Buddhism on this day. Hence the Buddhists also know the festival as Ashok Vijayadashami. Their temples and monasteries are well decorated during this time and the Buddha is worshiped with full honors.


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